Most people think of sharks and massive predators like Great White Sharks and Tiger Sharks.
However, many species of sharks are Small Shark.
These Small Shark are populous and found in oceans all over the world. So to learn more about all the types of sharks in the world, here is a breakdown of some interesting facts about the Small Shark
List of many small sharks that lived in the depth of Oceans
- Dwarf Lanternshark
- Spined Pygmy Shark
- Pygmy Ribbontail Catshark
- Smalleye Pygmy Shark
- Panama Ghost Catshark
- Atlantic Ghost Catshark
- African Lanternshark
- Green Lanternshark
Lantern sharks are Small Sharks found in deep ocean waters worldwide in tropical and temperate areas. Most species occur near the seafloor on continental slopes at depths from 660 to 7200 ft deep. Small Sharks usually have luminescent organs in their abdomen and fins. These are called photophores.
The light organ provides camouflage by bioluminescence counterillumination. This allows their body to bend with any light shining from above when viewed from below.
The light organs also attract their prey. They feed on animals like fish, cephalopods, crustaceans, and sea squirts. Large spiracles are located behind their eyes.
These modified gills allow lantern sharks to breathe when they are not swimming. Both dorsal fins on top of their body have grooved spines. All sharks have skeletons made of cartilage inside of bones.
Lantern shark(Small Sharks) reproduction is ovoviviparous, with 6 to 20 young per litter. This means that the embryos’ nourishment by a yolk sac while they develop inside their mother and live birth is given.
The maximum size for most species is under 35 in (90 cm). The Dwarf Lanternshark Small Shark is the smallest species, reaching only 6 to 8 in (15 to 20 cm) long.
Spined Pygmy Shark
The Spined Pygmy Small Shark was considered the smallest shark in the world until the dwarf lanternshark was discovered, occupying second place. One smaller one has a brownish color, almost black, but it has luminescent organs called photophores inside their bodies, making these Small Sharks shine.
This is how they mislead the predators, who usually stalk from more deep and darker water. The luminosity helps them camouflage with the Sun and avoids being seen from the bottom; its spinal column has 60 vertebrae.
So it is considered the shark with the least vertebrae in the world. Its natural habitat is our continental slopes in temperate waters and subtropical oceans from the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian.
It swims about 1600 ft deep during the day, and at night it goes up to 600 ft in depth. It is thought that the reason for these trips is because of their prey.
The Small Shark males reach their sexual maturity when they reach 5.9 inches in length, and the females reach between 6.7 and 7.9 inches. It is thought that they live in Paris and can give birth to up to four baby sharks. They measure between 3.5 and 3.3 of the mother-size poor shark.
Pygmy Ribbontail Catshark
In Pygmy Ribbontail Catshark , as in other shark species, the female measures 9.4 inches while the male reaches only 9.1 inches. It Inhabitat many places in the Indian Ocean, like the Vietnam Coast and the Philippines, between 223 and 2500 and 13 ft, close to the seabed. It eats fish, crustaceans and octopuses.
Females Small Sharks can get pregnant when they reach 6.5 inches in length and weigh up to 1.3 inches during pregnancy. They can have between one and two babies, which is a considerable sacrifice since the babies are big, measuring 4.3 inches in length to stand all oppression. These Small Shark females grow considerably while pregnant because of their little dimensions.
Smalley Pygmy Shark
It is also only known that it is a vivid Paris species for small pygmy Small Sharks with 8.7 inches maximum length. It is thought of by many as the smallest shark in the world; males are smaller, measuring only 5.9 inches.
They live between 490-5460 ft deep in Australia, Japan and the Philippines. Although it is hard to see one of them, its habitat may be extended. It’s a vertical migrant, which means it spends the day in deeper water while it surfaces at night; it eats squid, krill, shrimp and fish.
They have a bioluminescence mechanism which is used as defense like their cousins. The spined pygmy Small Shark allows them to stay safe from what can be found in the depths. It is minimal to be fished commercially but has been captured by some boats in North Australia.
Panama Ghost Catshark
According to a few sightings, Panama Ghost Catshark is a mysterious fish and has earned its name as a ghost. It can measure up to 9 inches in maximum length.
The adult males measure 8.1 inches, and they Inhabitat the Pacific Ocean close to the coast of Panama, between 9 and 2 degrees North. Between 3000-3100 ft in depth, the scientific community is still studying this species. It is also known as a vivid Paris species.
It is considered by many as the Small Shark in the world; males are smaller, measuring only 5.9 inches.
They live between 490-5460 feet deep in Australia, Japan and the Philippines. Although it is hard to see one of them, its habitat may be extended. It’s a vertical migrant, which means it spends the day in deeper water while it surfaces at night. It eats squid, krill, shrimp and fish.
They have a bioluminescence mechanism which is used as defense like their cousins. It is minimal to be fished commercially but has been captured by some boats in North Australia.
Atlantic Ghost Catshark
Atlantic Ghost Catshark is a large species of shark that include around 39 species; the exact number has been long debated with attempts to use all anatomical features to differentiate them from other shark groups. Genetic tests have been the solution to complex taxonomic problems, but over a third of a posture species are known from only one specimen.
Even these have been lost to the Ghost Catshark in a few cases. However, it is an accepted and well-established species with around 100 specimens in worldwide collections.
Although it was described based on what the Scientist called sick, damaged and long head material at the time, perhaps that influenced the scientific name “manus,” meaning ghosts or shade of the departed, a reference to its pale gray skin.
The Scientist who described the species in 1979 was a highly acclaimed American Scientist.
Read: Sea Creature That Sings
So their name implies they can generate light through bioluminescence. They have some sizable spines and then have this bioluminescence along their spines, which highlights their spines to predators. The lantern shark is one of only three types of Small Sharks that can produce light. The result of a chemical reaction within the shark skin cells is the way.
They do it through a pigment that oxidizes and creates light. It is a natural form of light. The shark’s spines light up to ward off predators; patches on its sides glow to coordinate movement within densely packed. But its ability to generate a Bluegreen belly light is the most remarkable adaptation.
Lantern Small Sharks are found in deep ocean waters in tropical and temperate areas worldwide. Most species occur near the seafloor on continental slopes at depths from 660 to 7200 ft deep. They usually have luminescent organs on their abdomen and fins. These are called photophores. The light organs provide camouflage by bioluminescence counterillumination. This allows their body to blend with any light shining from above when viewed from below. The delicate organs also attract their prey.
They feed on animals like fish, cephalopods, crustaceans and sea squirts.
The Green Lanternshark is a type of Small Shark that belongs to the family Etrm Opterus, found in the western central Atlantic Ocean. This species usually happens on the upper continental slope below 350 m.
Reaching 26 cm (10 in) in size, the green lanternshark has a skinny body with a long, thin tail and low, conical dermal projection on its edgeways.
Green lantern sharks are thought to be gregarious and may attack their prey, squid and octopus, often more significant than themselves, in packs.
Reproduction is aplacental viviparous, with females giving the process of bringing a child from the uterus, or womb, to litters of one to three young. This moderately common shark is a hardly valueless bycatch of commercial fisheries; it does not appear to be significantly threatened by human activities.
This will end the session of small sharks found in the depths of oceans in Australia and Japan. These species of sharks have different colors, varieties and features. Some of these sharks have natural lights in the darkness of the oceans. Through their lamps, they find their prey and find a way to move to another part of the Ocean.